Tuesday, January 29
8:00 a.m.-5:30 p.m.
Dairy Farm Tour
The tour features three dairies – Hart Acquisition, Green Meadows and Harmony Grove. They use a variety of management strategies, with quality milk production a high priority. Visit http://meeting.nmconline.org to find out more about the featured dairies. The tour includes a box lunch. To sign up for the dairy farm tour, you must also register for the NMC Annual Meeting.
Wednesday, January 30
7:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m.
Board of Directors Meeting
Short Courses (limited enrollment; pre-registration required)
Course 1: Using Rapid Culture Systems to Guide Selective Treatment of Clinical Mastitis and at Dry‐off
Course 2: Healthy Dairy Farming with Less Antimicrobial Use – Yes, We Can!
Course 3: An Organized Approach to Developing a Long‐term Action Plan for Herds with Poor Teat Ends
Course 4: Practical Mastitis Problem‐solving Workshop
Course 5: NMC Procedures for Evaluating Vacuum Levels and Air Flow I (Features the Teaching Parlor)
Course 6: Milk Bugs Like It Raw: Basic Milk Bacteriology for Professionals
Course 7: Managing Large Dairies: The Consultant’s Role
Course 8: How to Create a Culture of Excellence in Dairies (taught in Spanish)
Course 9: Mastitis and Pain
Course 10: 7 Point Plan for Mastitis Control
Course 11: Helping Clients Develop an Udder Health Management Strategy Using PCDART
Course 12: NMC Procedures for Evaluating Vacuum Levels and Air Flow II (Features the Teaching Parlor)
Milk Quality Monitoring Committee
Short Courses (limited enrollment; pre-registration required)
Course 13: The Why, What, When and How of Mastitis Therapy
Course 14: How to Create a Culture of Excellence in Dairies
Course 15: Clean in Place and Slug Analysis Monitoring and Analysis (Features the Teaching Parlor)
Thursday, January 31
Breakfast and Product Launch/Introduction
Sponsored by AgriLabs
Udderly Ridiculous 5K Fun Run/Walk
Dust off your running/walking shoes, get some exercise and help support the NMC Scholars program. The beautiful riverfront near the Marriott Riverfront promises breathtaking views of the Southeast. The cost is just $25 and includes a limited-edition T-shirt.
Teat Health Committee
Residue Avoidance Committee
Technology Transfer Session (poster session)
Posters available for viewing all day.
Welcome and Introduction to Program
Jason Lombard, National Animal Health Monitoring System, Fort Collins, Colorado
David Kelton, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
General Session 1: Hot Topics
A Beginner’s Guide to the Milk Microbiome
Pamela Ruegg, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
The microbiome is a hot topic and is the subject of tremendous research interest. However, many of the concepts of bovine milk microbiome research are unfamiliar and interpretation of research results is often confusing. In this presentation, terminology and methods of how the bovine milk microbiome is determined will be described. Research about the bovine milk microbiome will be presented, stressing research related to udder health and milk quality. Limitations to existing research will be explained and directions for future advances will be considered.
Enteric Outbreaks Linked to Raw Milk
Megin Nichols, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), along with federal and state partners, investigate illness outbreaks linked to consuming raw dairy products. Raw milk-associated illness outbreaks occur frequently. Raw milk is an ideal vehicle for many pathogens, because it can easily be contaminated and provides a hospitable environment for many pathogens to survive and grow. Implementation of pasteurization greatly reduces illness risk and has been celebrated as one of the public health triumphs of the hygienic revolution. However, interest in drinking raw milk has been increasing in recent years. Advocates cite an array of alleged health benefits of unpasteurized milk, especially for allergic and atopic conditions, while public health authorities dismiss these claims as lacking scientific validity. Conversely, these advocates often downplay the infectious risks of unpasteurized milk, citing improved hygienic practices on dairies and microbiologic testing of unpasteurized milk as greatly reducing its risks, whereas public health authorities note the continued and even increased occurrence of outbreaks associated with unpasteurized milk. During this presentation, we will review illness outbreaks linked to raw milk and discuss the scientific basis for the CDC recommendation to drink pasteurized milk.
From Cows to People and Back Again: Antimicrobial Resistance Risks
Dale Moore, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, USA
For several decades, the use of antimicrobials in food animal production has been touted as a major risk for the development of antimicrobial resistance in human pathogens. This presentation will share some of the recent risk assessments for that claim and highlight current antimicrobial uses in cattle and areas for improvement of antimicrobial stewardship in the dairy industry.
Adjourn General Session 1
Lunch – Product Launch/Introduction and Lunch
“The Pharmacokinetics of Mastitis Therapy – One Size Does Not Fit All!” presented by Dr. Ron Erskine, Michigan State University
Sponsored by Zoetis
General Session 2: Udder Health in Heifers: A Fresh New Look
Heifer Mastitis – What About It?
Paula Ospina, Quality Milk Production Services at Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
It is time to review heifer mastitis literature; it has been at least five years since the last comprehensive review was completed. A current review, along with applied statistical methods to identify risk factors and possible prevention and control strategies, will help producers and veterinarians develop strategies to reduce risk. We also have recent data from three farms in New York State, which have been monitoring fresh cow infections for more than one year, the prevalence of pathogens causing infections in heifers versus cows, along with changes in milk production based on these pathogens.
Mastitis in Dairy Heifers: The Damage We Cannot See
Benjamin Enger, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA
Dairy replacement heifers are essential to a dairy herd’s future. Unfortunately, intramammary infections are common and often overlooked in these animals. This talk will review the prevalence and causative agents affecting dairy heifers and take an in-depth look into how these infections impact the mammary gland during this critical period of mammary growth and development.
The Impact of Interventions During Late Gestation in the Postpartum Udder Health of First-calf Heifers
Vinnie Machado, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas, USA
Clinical and subclinical mastitis in first-calf heifers represent a significant challenge to dairy producers. Heifer mastitis is a multifactorial disease; and in early lactation, its incidence is higher than in multiparous cows. This presentation will summarize how several prepartum interventions can mitigate mastitis in primiparous cows. Special focus will be given to the impact of prepartum infusion of intramammary antimicrobials and internal teat sealant on udder health of first-calf heifers.
3:30 p.m. – Break
Genetic Selection for Udder Health
Dan Weigel, Zoetis, Kalamazoo, Michigan
Producers in the United States have benefitted from genetic selection for improved udder health since somatic cell score evaluations were introduced in 1994. More recently, genetic evaluations for the trait mastitis in U.S. Holsteins have become available. This presentation will look at research results on how useful mastitis genetic predictions are for dairy producers.
Horn Flies! Why They Love Cattle and Why Controlling Them May Reduce the Incidence of Mastitis
R.T. Trout Fryxell, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
Several fly species are found on dairy cattle, but the horn fly is an obligate ectoparasite that takes a blood meal about 30 times a day and has been incriminated as a vector of Staphylococcus aureus. This presentation will discuss horn fly identification, why we need to control this pest, current control methods and new research to help manage these flies.
5:00 p.m. – Adjourn General Session 2
Research and Development Summaries Session (split session)
Oral presentations of selected posters from the Technology Transfer Session will be featured in this session. Designed to highlight research and development projects from around the world, the session offers a unique opportunity for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, research associates and new individuals in the field of mastitis and milk quality to be involved in oral presentations at the NMC Annual Meeting. This session is held concurrently with the general session.
Chronic Subclinical Mastitis Pathogens Change Cow Level Milk Yield and Components (not Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on the Economic Performance of Dairy Herds)
Juliano L. Gonçalves, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Case Study: Biofilms in Milk Hoses for Diverted or Discarded Milk in Chilean Dairy Operations and their Potential Role in Herd Health and Milk Quality
Alejandra A. Latorre, Universidad de Concepción, Chile
Tumor Necrosis Factor-α Response of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells After Escherichia coli in vitro Challenge is Greater in Early vs. Mid-lactation Grazing Dairy Cows
Mauricio Bentancor, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
Teatcup Action: What is meant by ‘Liner Compression’ and ‘Overpressure’?
John F. Penry, Anexa FVC – Cognosco, Morrinsville, New Zealand
Effect of Teatcup Removal Settings on Milking Efficiency and Milk Quality in a Pasture-based Automatic Milking System
Pablo Silva Bolona, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA
Case Report: Use of Pathogen-based Treatment Strategies for Nonsevere Clinical Mastitis on Moderate-sized Dairies
Amy K. Vasquez, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
3:30 p.m. – Break
Quarter-based Selective Dry Cow Therapy Using On-farm Diagnostics: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
Fidèle Kabera, Université de Montréal, Saint- Alejandra A. Latorre Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada; and Canadian Bovine Mastitis and Milk Quality Research Network, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada
Evaluation of Online Somatic Cell Count Estimation in Automatic Milking Systems
Zhaoju Deng, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Investigation of the Relationship Between Udder Towel Hygiene, Udder Towel Management and Intramammary Infection in Late-lactation Dairy Cows
Sam Rowe, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA
Non-aureus Staphylococci in Bovine-Associated Habitats
Ameline A. Wuytack, M-team & Mastitis and Milk Quality Research Unit, Merelbeke, Belgium
5:00 p.m. – Adjourn Research and Development Summaries Session
Silent Auction and Reception
Join friends and colleagues from around the world for a silent auction, while enjoying light snacks and beverages. The silent auction is a fund-raiser to help support student and other educational and professional development programs. Be on the watch for a surprise visitor who will be handing scrumptious treats. This social event, sponsored by Boehringer Ingelheim, is open to all attendees.
Friday, February 1
Breakfast and Product Launch/Introduction – “Advances in On-Farm, qPCR Testing for Mastitis Pathogens” presented by Tim Moshier, Acumen Detection Founder & Chief Strategist
Sponsored by Acumen Detection
Machine Milking Committee
Technology Transfer Session (poster session)
Posters available for viewing all day.
General Session 3: Milk Quality Matters
Why Milk Quality Matters
Nicole Martin, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA
The quality of processed dairy products depends on best practices from grass to glass. Bacterial contaminants may enter the dairy product chain at the farm level or in the processing facility, and both play a major role in product quality. Addressing these different types of bacterial contamination requires a comprehensive and cooperative approach by producers and processors.
Milk Quality Still Pays
Brandon Treichler, Select Milk Producers, Canyon, Texas, USA
With today’s historically low milk prices and eroding milk quality premiums, it’s easy to assume that the quality of milk no longer matters. But don’t be fooled! Now, as much as ever, producing high quality milk puts more money in the bank. We will discuss the relationship between milk quality and net farm income, as well as how milk quality impacts consumer perceptions of dairy products.
Southeast Quality Milk Initiative
Gina Pighetti, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
Many commonalities exist regarding effective mastitis control programs. However, each region of the United States faces unique challenges. The Southeast Quality Milk Initiative (SQMI) was formed by milk quality professionals from six land grant universities to identify those unique and common factors critical for mastitis control programs in the Southeast. The initial presentation will summarize key findings regarding social factors relative to practice adoption and milk quality, farm practices that influenced high quality milk, and tools and resources generated through this initiative. SQMI also provided boots-on-the-ground work with producers to meet their milk quality goals.
Southeast Dairy Producer Panel
A panel of dairy producers who participated in SQMI will discuss their experiences and answer questions regarding their strategies and practices in refining milk quality programs on their dairy farms.
Noon – Adjourn General Session 3
Luncheon and Program
Open to all registrants, the luncheon includes the National Dairy Quality Awards, NMC Award of Excellence for Contribution to Mastitis Prevention and Control, NMC Scholars presentations and NMC business meeting.
Featured Symposium: Consumers and Communication
Saturated Fat and Cardiovascular Disease: What is the evidence?
Andrew Samis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
In today’s world, one can find many studies, guidelines and press articles that espouse the benefits of reducing the consumption of saturated fat as a means of reducing cardiovascular disease. One can, however, also find many studies, guidelines and press articles advocating that saturated fat is unrelated to heart attack and stroke and, in some cases, even beneficial in preventing these diseases. It comes as no surprise, then, that these opposing and strongly expressed viewpoints create confusion.
This presentation will take a step-by-step historical approach to review how the concept of reducing dietary fat became worldwide public policy. Specifically, we’ll trace how the concept evolved from the early 1900s to today. With an evidenced-based approach, the consumption of dietary fat and its relationship to cardiovascular disease will be reviewed. The results might surprise you!
A Closer Look at the Evidence: A Dietitian’s Case for Dairy
Erin Green, Central District Health Department, Boise, Idaho, USA
There is good reason why dairy continues to be in a food group of its own in mainstream nutrition messaging. The unique nutrient package offered in traditional dairy products plays a vital role in human development, disease prevention and even sports performance. This session will present current evidence for dairy’s health benefits, as well as dispel some of the common misconceptions about one of nature’s best nutrition sources.
Are you Ready for the Future of Food?
Max and Linda Wenck, MorganMyers, Inc, Waukesha, Wisconsin, USA
First rbST, then tail docking, what’s next? Are “almond milk,” clean food and home delivery here to stay? Is this the new normal for dairy? Join us on a journey into the future of food. We’ll explore consumer trends, where things are headed and what it could mean for you.
New Discoveries in Human Health that May Lead to New Markets for Dairy Producers, Processors and Retailers
Jim Cullor, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA
Value-added products with their origins in fluid milk have provided the dairy industry with new and exciting markets in recent decades. With new discoveries in human and animal health, even greater markets will be presenting themselves to our industry. New categories in “designer milks” expanded opportunities in feeding consumer and scientific demands for “precision diets” in which milk and its components will play a tremendous role. Energy drinks continue to grow in popularity and milk components can play an even larger role in providing enhanced versions in many of these categories. The intestinal microbiome’s role in human and animal health is highly dependent upon milk and its constituents. These new scientific discoveries demand more attention from our industry in order to address future consumer markets. Exciting times are ahead if we work together in addressing these new opportunities.
5:00 p.m. – Adjourn
5:30-7:00 p.m. – Board of Directors Gathering